In the case of maxillary sinusitis, inflammation of one or two maxillary sinuses occurs. This is the most common type of sinus inflammation, so says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
The disease begins with swelling of the mucous membrane, due to which the joints are blocked (closed) and the mucus produced can not go out, accumulates, with the addition of bacterial infection and pus appears. The patient feels that the sinuses “open” – this pus presses on their walls. If the disease is not treated, an acute condition can be chronized. Etmoiditis is an inflammation of the sinuses of the latticed bone.
It’s more common after acute rhinitis and other infectious diseases. People with narrow passages of the latticed sinuses or with a deformed nasal septum are mainly affected: this prevents normal mucous membrane discharge.
The disease is not as widespread as maxillary sinusitis, but for small children and people with reduced immunity, it is a danger: inflammation can lead to the destruction of some cells and the appearance of hidden pustules. If pus breaks out of them, it can enter the eye socket, and this can lead to serious complications for the eye and the general condition.
Dr. Denis Slinkin states: Sinusitis is not a simple disease. If it is not treated in time, adults and children may develop serious complications.
When sinusitis is not treated effectively, the disease can progress into chronic inflammation. Other organs and systems may be involved in the inflammatory process, leading to severe pathologies.
For example, neurological conditions, elevated blood pressure, congestion in the ears and persistent deafness may develop. One of such complications is vision problems up to complete loss of vision. In particularly severe cases, panophthalmia develops (inflammation of all eye structures, threatening its removal – enucleation).
In neglected forms of the disease may develop meningoencephalitis, sinastrombosis, as a result of which the infection quickly spreads throughout the body and can cause blood infection, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.