Smoking and pregnancy and desirett are not compatible concepts, but the statistics are horrifying: about 22% of women continue to smoke during pregnancy, and 8.4% of them smoke more than 10 cigarettes a day. And this despite the fact that everyone has long known about the dangers of smoking during pregnancy and its detrimental effect on the health of the unborn child.
Mothers who smoke are at increased risk of complications, placental abruption, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, and congenital anomalies (cleft lip). Nicotine, carbon monoxide, benzopyrene and other combustion products of cigarettes, entering the body of a pregnant woman, penetrate the placenta to the baby. Moreover, the concentration of all these substances in the fetus is much higher than in the mother’s blood! What happens next is easy to imagine. From nicotine, placental vasospasm occurs, and the child develops oxygen starvation. After birth, children of women who smoke during or after pregnancy are more likely to be at risk of sudden infant death syndrome. The mortality rate of twins is especially high.
What is the risk of smoking at different stages of pregnancy?
Smoking at different stages of pregnancy has different effects on the fetus. The fetus is most susceptible to the harmful effects of smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy. However, doctors recommend quitting smoking as early as possible.
During this period, smoking is most dangerous, since at this time all the main organs of the child are formed. Smoking in the first trimester can lead to spontaneous miscarriage due to rupture of membranes, detachment of the placenta. There is a risk of fetal death.
Smoking aggravates toxicosis in a pregnant woman. The child develops worse, gains weight worse. There is a risk of premature birth.
Smoking in the third trimester is also dangerous, as the likelihood of developing preeclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine) in a pregnant woman increases compared to the average. Preeclampsia threatens the development of seizures and premature birth. Against the background of smoking in the third trimester of pregnancy, there are high rates of infant mortality.
The consequences of smoking during pregnancy:
– ectopic pregnancy;
– spontaneous miscarriage;
– frozen pregnancy;
– spontaneous abortion;
– placental problems;
– premature rupture of the membranes;
– prematurity and premature birth;
– the presence of congenital defects (cleft lip, cleft palate, heart defects, bone deformities);
– low birth weight (on average, 200 g less);
– high frequency of children’s respiratory diseases (bronchial asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis);
– neurological disorders (learning problems, attention deficit disorder);
– problems with the cardiovascular system;
– other childhood diseases (infections of the ear, genitourinary system, eye diseases).
Passive and active smoking causes irreparable harm to mother and baby. Therefore, it is important for future parents to understand what such a habit threatens and to try to do everything to reduce the risks while carrying a baby. The sooner you can protect yourself from tobacco addiction and start treating its consequences, the better.